Western Ghats is a chain of mountains running parallel to India's western coast and traverse across the states of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamilnadu. The Southern Western Ghats extends across the south Indian states of Karnataka, Kerala and Tamilnadu ending at Marunthuvazhmalai hills in Kanyakumari district.
It is one the global biodiversity hotspots with dense forests rich in variety of flora and fauna. Today a large part of the range has been fragmented due to anthropogenic activities like mining, over exploitation of natural resources, monoculture practices, destructive developments, encroachment etc. This is causing serious implications on the biotic components, rainfall pattern, fresh water availability, disturbance to the ecology and climate of this region which in turn threatens the biodiversity and livelihood of millions of people in this region.
Disturbing and destroying the natural environment will cause various stresses and pressure to the ecosystem which may result in various natural disasters. The recent flood occurred in Kerala may be due to the reflection of environmental stress
Objectives of the conference